HIV Testing Programs
Taking an HIV test is the only way for a person to find out whether he or she is infected. Although the thought of taking an HIV test makes many people nervous, there are programs that can help them through the process. The Federal government works with local community organizations to provide and support HIV testing programs and initiatives.
Testing as Prevention
One of the best ways to control the spread of HIV is to identify people who are infected and get them into care. So HIV counseling, testing, and referral (CTR) is a critical part of any successful HIV prevention program. For a list of HIV testing resources, see theNational Prevention Information Network’s (NPIN) HIV/AIDS Counseling, Testing, and Referral (CTR)
Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)
AIDSinfo offers the latest Federally approved information on: HIV/AIDS clinical research; treatment and prevention; and medical-practice guidelines for people living with HIV/AIDS, their families and friends, healthcare providers, scientists, and researchers.
CDC Business and Labor Resource Service
CDC's Business/Labor Responds to AIDS (BRTA/LRTA) program is a resource addressing living and working with HIV. It covers topics such as workplace discrimination, return-to-work, and employee morale issues.
CDC’s Heightened Response – HIV/AIDS in the African American Community
The impact of HIV/AIDS on African Americans continues to grow. This link highlights resources and activities for the CDC’s heightened, urgent, and collaborative response to decrease HIV/AIDS among African Americans, in partnership with communities and influential leaders.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
This website provides information on the FDA’s review and oversight function for drugs, biologics, and medical devices for preventing and treating HIV and AIDS-related conditions.
FDA Advisory Committee Meetings
Index (by year and by topic) of FDA advisory committee meetings on HIV/AIDS and associated conditions, from 1996 to present. This website includes information from FDA advisory committee meetings on HIV/AIDS-related drugs, biologics, and policy issues.
AIDS Health Fraud Task Forces
FDA program designed to help combat health treatment fraud related to HIV/AIDS. This website includes some basic information about HIV/AIDS-related treatment fraud, and links to local fraud taskforce webpages.
FDA's Role in HIV/AIDS
This resource describes the FDA's role in the review and oversight function for drugs, biologics, and medical devices to prevent and treat HIV and AIDS-related conditions.
FDA – Women and HIV (PDF - 188 MB)
This colorful fact sheet give information on how women can protect themselves from HIV, and take care of themselves if they are living with it.
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) – HIV/AIDS Bureau (HAB)
HAB administers the Ryan White Program, which provides healthcare for people who do not have sufficient healthcare coverage or financial resources to cope with their HIV disease. HAB works directly with hundreds of grantees, who deliver care to over 500,00 people each year.
Indian Health Service HIV/AIDS Program
IHS' collaborative HIV/AIDS program provides prevention and treatment services to the American Indian/Alaska Native community. IHS collaborates across multiple health sectors (both internal and external to the agency) to provide an integrated and comprehensive approach to HIV/AIDS. The program encompasses the major service-delivery systems accessed by the American Indian/Alaska Native community, including IHS, tribal, and urban facilities.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
NIH scientists investigate ways to prevent disease and conduct research on both common and rare diseases to discover their causes, develop effective treatments, and find cures.
National Eye Institute (NEI) – Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA)
NEI funds the Studies of the Ocular Complication of AIDS (SOCA), which involve evaluating treatments and treatment strategies for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis.
National Institute on Aging (NIA) – HIV, AIDS, and Older People
NIA leads a broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of life by providing leadership in research and programs relevant to aging and older people. This link offers information about HIV/AIDS prevention, testing, and treatment for older people.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) – Alcohol and HIV/AIDS
NIAAA provides leadership in the national effort to reduce alcohol-related problems. These resources provide information on the relationship between alcohol and HIV transmission and alcohol’s effect on HIV/AIDS treatment.
Minorities and Biomedical Research (PDF - 208 KB)
NIAID has long recognized that minority populations bear a disproportionate burden of sickness and disease in the United States. Differences in racial and ethnic backgrounds can affect susceptibility to infectious and immunologic diseases, including AIDS, asthma, HIV and sexually transmitted infections, and kidney disease. This document outlines how NIAID will continue to prioritize basic, clinical, and epidemiological research in addressing the health disparities in minority populations.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) – Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS (PAMA) Branch
The PAMA Branch supports and conducts both domestic and international research into the epidemiology, natural history, pathogenesis, transmission, treatment, and prevention of HIV infection and its complications in infants, children, adolescents, pregnant women, mothers, women of childbearing age, and the family unit as a whole.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) – HIV/AIDS Research
Each of the three divisions in NIDDK supports an HIV/AIDS program and encourages research into the characterization of intestinal injury, mechanisms of maldigestion, and intestinal mucosal functions, as well as hepatic and biliary dysfunction in patients with AIDS or in appropriate animal models. In addition, NIDDK supports studies on the mechanisms of nutrient malabsorption, deficiencies of various micronutrients, nutritional management of the wasting syndrome, and other aspects of AIDS-related malnutrition.
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
NIDCR’s mission is to improve oral, dental, and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information. This resource provides information and research on NIDCR’s efforts that focus on HIV/AIDS.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) – AIDS Research Program (ARP)
NIDA's AIDS Research Program (ARP) uses a multifaceted approach to support HIV/AIDS research within NIDA, as well as across NIH Institutes and other HHS agencies. ARP supports the development, planning, and coordination of HIV/AIDS priority research within NIDA's intramural and extramural programs, with the goal ensuring that NIDA has an integrated vision and strategy to guide its HIV/AIDS research.
Drugs + HIV – Learn the Link
This NIDA initiative communicates that behaviors associated with drug abuse are among the main factors in the spread of HIV in the United States. The link provides information for young people, parents, teachers, and the media.
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) – Structural Biology Program
In August 2007, NIGMS and NIAID launched three research centers to deepen our biological understanding of HIV. The centers are integrating a variety of techniques from structural biology and biochemistry to capture in unprecedented detail the three-dimensional structures of HIV proteins bound to human cellular components, such as proteins or DNA.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – Office on AIDS
NIHM’s Office on AIDS (1) plans, directs, coordinates, and supports biomedical and behavioral research designed to develop a better understanding of the biological and behavioral causes of HIV infection; (2) analyzes and evaluates national needs and research opportunities to identify areas that warrant either increased or decreased program emphasis;; and (3) consults and cooperates with health organizations, as well as other NIH components and Federal agencies, to identify and meet AIDS-related needs.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
NINDS conducts and supports research on brain and nervous-system disorders. This resource discusses the neurological complications of AIDS and AIDS-related nervous system disorders and provides links to publications, related literature, clinical trials, and pertinent organizations.
NIH Office of AIDS Research (OAR)
OAR is located within the Office of the Director of NIH and is responsible for the scientific, budgetary, legislative, and policy elements of the NIH’s HIV/AIDS-related research programs.
National Library of Medicine (NLM) – HIV/AIDS Information
NLM’s Specialized Information Services collects and organizes HIV/AIDS-related information. This site organizes information by topic, and there are resources for scientists, physicians, educators, health professionals, consumers, community-based organizations, clinics, and other types of service providers.
National Library of Medicine (NLM) - HIV Resources
This webpage provides information on organizations for health professionals, as well as links to HIV/AIDS-related databases, newsletters, dictionaries, and directories.
National Women's Health Information Center – Women and HIV/AIDS
The National Women's Health Information Center provides information on women and HIV/AIDS and links to helpful resources. The NWHIC is a service of the HHS Office on Women's Health (OWH).
Office for Civil Rights (OCR)
OCR enforces Federal civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, and disability (which may include HIV/AIDS). OCR also enforces the Privacy Rule under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which protects the privacy of health information and gives consumers the right to review and make corrections to their medical records. People with HIV/AIDS who believe they have been discriminated against in healthcare or human services, or who believe that their health privacy rights have been violated, may file a complaint with OCR.
Office of HIV/AIDS Policy (OHAP)
OHAP advises the Assistant Secretary for Health and senior HHS officials on: developing and implementing appropriate HIV/AIDS policy in a timely way; establishing priorities; and implementing HIV/AIDS programs, activities, and initiatives across other HHS agencies.
Office of Minority Health – Minority HIV/AIDS Initiative (MAI)
The MAI provides funds to community-based organizations, faith communities, research institutions, minority-serving colleges and universities, healthcare organizations, state and local health departments, and correctional institutions to help them address the HIV/AIDS epidemic within the minority populations they serve.
Office on Women's Health (OWH) – Women & HIV/AIDS
OWH was established in 1991 to “provide leadership to promote health equity for women and girls through sex/gender-specific approaches." This link provides information about HIV/AIDS for women and girls.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – National Mental Health Information Center – HIV/AIDS
HIV and AIDS often can be accompanied by depression, an illness that can affect mind, body and behavior. SAMHSA’s Center for Mental Health Service develops program models that provide mental health services to individuals, families, and others living with, or affected by, HIV/AIDS.
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
Housing Opportunities for Persons With HIV/AIDS (HOPWA)
The HOPWA program provides housing support to low-income persons with HIV/AIDS and their families by providing grants and technical assistance to state and local governments. Try out HOPWA's new Virtual Earth locator to find a local HOPWA program.
Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) - Management of HIV in Federal Inmates (PDF - 337KB)
The BOP’s Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of HIV Infection provide guidance on the screening, evaluation, and treatment of Federal inmates with HIV infection. The guidelines focus on primary care.
U.S. Department of State
The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
PEPFAR was launched in 2003, and is the largest commitment ever by any nation for an international health initiative dedicated to a single disease. The program provides a comprehensive approach to combating HIV/AIDS around the world. Under PEPFAR, the U.S. Government has committed more than $48 billion to the fight against global AIDS.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) – HIV/AIDS
USAID oversees HIV/AIDS programs for the Department of State in over 100 countries and works with host governments and local organizations to combat HIV/AIDS. This link provides information about these programs and the countries in which USAID works.
Department of Veterans Affairs
Veterans Affairs – National HIV/AIDS Program
The VA is the nation's largest provider of HIV/AIDS care. This site offers specific links for:
Office of National AIDS Policy (ONAP)
ONAP is part of the White House Domestic Policy Council and is tasked with coordinating the continuing efforts of the government to reduce the number of HIV infections across the United States. ONAP emphasizes prevention through wide-ranging education initiatives and helps to coordinate the care and treatment of citizens with HIV/AIDS.
Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA)
PACHA provides advice, information, and recommendations on programs and policies intended to: 1) promote effective prevention of HIV disease; and 2) to advance research on HIV disease and AIDS. PACHA members are appointed by, and report to, the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, who provides copies of PACHA’s report to the President. The Council’s role is solely advisory.